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July 29, 2019
In emergencies, campfires can be life-saving. If you're cold and wet all over, but you don't have a stove available, and you don't have a shelter or a tent or something, this bonfire can help you fight the danger of losing your temperature. In this case: (This paper describes the emergency use of fire in survival situations, this course is suitable for outdoor leaders and senior donkey friends. Even so, the person responsible for the fire will bear the penalty and even the cost of his life.
Firstly, fire use in the field can follow the following points:
1. Know the limits of fire before you go hiking.
Many times, managers in scenic spots or hiking areas will give some fire requirements, especially in the season which is prone to fire, more attention should be paid. Along the way of hiking, more attention should be paid to the posters and signs of field fire and forest fire prevention. It should be noted that in some areas, fire control will be more stringent during the fire season. For hikers, it's your responsibility to understand these requirements.
2. Only some fallen branches and other materials should be collected, preferably from places far away from camps.
Otherwise, after a period of time, there will be an unnatural bareness around the camp. Never cut down living trees or break branches from growing trees, or even pick branches from dead trees, because many wildlife will use these places.
3. Don't use too high and too thick fires.
A large amount of firewood seldom burns completely, usually leaving bonfire remnants such as black carbon, thus affecting the recycling of organisms.
4. Where fire is allowed, existing ponds should be used.
Only in an emergency can you build a new one by yourself, and if conditions permit, it should be restored to its original state after use. If the fire pond already exists, you should clean it up when you leave.
5. Near the fire pond, all burning materials should be removed.
Ideally, the place you use to burn a fire should be non-flammable, such as soil, stone, sand and other materials (often found by the river). Continuous heat will make otherwise healthy soil very barren, so you should be careful where you use fire.
If you live in an emergency to save lives, it is understandable that you have not taken into account the continued use of soil. But don't destroy the natural landscape too much. At such times, firearms and waterproof matches will be useful to you. Fire heaps and alternative rings can also be used. You can use tools and mineralized soil (sand, light barren soil) to make a circular platform 15 to 20 centimeters high. Use this as your fire place. If conditions permit, the platform can be built on a flat rock. This is mainly to avoid damaging any soil that can grow plants. After you use the fire, you can easily push the fire platform off. Some people even take out things like barbecues as mobile fire platforms.
6. Take away the ashes left behind.
Pick out any charcoal that can be found in the fire ring, crush it and take it away, and spread it over a wide range. Remove anything you build for life, and don't leave any wood or anything like that. This may sound tedious, but it is a responsible action to eliminate the long-term effects of wildfire.
2. Fire and fire extinguishing:
1. At the beginning of a fire, a small hollow cone can be built from a dry branch, with some leaves and hay stuffed in the middle, and then ignited with matches. (Take care to carry a firearm or a waterproof match. Fire materials are one of the top ten items to be noted.)
2. When the temperature of a small fire rises, some larger branches should be added appropriately. Move the lighted branches and so on to the center of the fire so that they can burn completely. Ideally, you should burn them all to white ash.
3. Only garbage that can be completely burned by fire and can be burned to ashes should be used for burning. Don't try to burn plastic, canned goods or aluminum foil. If you do need to burn some rubbish that can't be burned completely, you need to pick up all the things left behind and take them away, or throw them into the nearby garbage collection point.
4. Never leave a fire unattended.
5. If you need to dry clothes, you can tie a rope to the tree next to the fire and hang the clothes on the rope.
6. Fire extinguishing requires watering first, then trampling on all Mars, and then continuing to pour more water. Do this as many times as possible to get the fire extinguishing seedlings out of the way. When you leave the fire, the ashes should be palpable. Make sure that all the flames and Mars have been destroyed and cooled before they can leave.